ILM Deen also written as ILM DIN (December 4, 1908 to October 31, 1929) was an Indian Muslim carpenter who murdered a book editor called Mahashe Rajpal for publishing the Rasul Range Book, which was considered derogative to the Islamic prophet , Muhammad, by Muslims.
|Name||Ilam Deen Shaheed|
|Born||4 December 1908
Lahore, Punjab, British India (now Pakistan)
|Died||31 October 1929 (aged 21)
Central Jail Mianwali, Punjab, British India (now Pakistan)
|Resting||Miani Sahib Graveyard,|
|place||Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan|
“As Iqbal placed the body of Ilm Din into the grave, he tearfully declared: “This uneducated young man has surpassed us, the educated ones.”
In response to a brochure by Muslims, insulting Hinduism and the Goddess Sita, Mahashe Rajpal published an anonymous brochure in 1923 titled Rangila Rasul, which contained a reexamination of the Hadjects of Sahih al-Bukhari, among other sources, along with a comment Supposedly salaz. Rangila Rasul had a superficial appearance of a lyric and loudly work in Muhammad and the teachings of him and called Muhammad “a widely experienced person” who was better symbolized by the many wives of him.
Several sections of the Indian Muslim community began a movement that requires the book forbidden. In 1927, the administration of the British Raj enacted a law that prohibits insults aimed at the founders and leaders of religious communities.
Ilm Deen decided to kill the editor. On April 6, 1929, he proposed the bazaar and bought a dagger by a rupee. He hid his dagger in his pants and waited Rajpal at a distance from the Rajpal store. Rajpal had not yet arrived. Ilm Deen did not know how Rajpal was seen. He tried to find out where Rajpal was through people around. Rajpal entered the store and Ilm Deen did not notice, but soon someone alerted him that Rajpal was inside. The young man entered the store, he threw himself forward and attacked him. He stabbed his dagger on Rajpal’s chest. He fell to the ground and died instantly. The police arrested Ilm Deen and took him to the Lahori Gate police station. Later, Ilm Deen, was changed to the central jail of Mianwali. The murder caused considerable religious tension in Punjab and beyond.
Trial and execution
The trial lawyer for ILM Deen was Farrukh Hussain.
Two witnesses on the side of the prosecution affirmed that he was guilty. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, then a prominent Indian lawyer, and then the founder of Pakistan, was sought to appear at the Appeal Audience at the High Court of Lahore. Jinnah appealed on the ground of the attenuating circumstances, saying that ILM Deen was only 19 or 20 years old. He asked that the death sentence be commuted to imprisonment for life. This containment was rejected by the court. ILM Deen was convicted and given the death penalty according to the Criminal Code of India, and subsequently it was executed.