Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan is a famous Pakistani nuclear researcher and a metallurgical engineer. He is commonly regarded as the founder of gas-centrifuge enrichment technology for Pakistan’s nuclear deterrent program. Pakistan’s nuclear weapons program provides extreme national satisfaction. As its “father”, A.Q. Khan, who headed Pakistan’s nuclear program for some 25 years, is considered a national hero.
|Born||27 April 1936 (age 84)
Bhopal, Bhopal State, British India Present India
|Alma mater||University of Karachi
Delft University of Technology
Catholic University of Louvain
|Known for||Pakistan’s nuclear weapons program, gaseous diffusion, martensite and graphene morphology|
|Awards|| Nishan-i-Imtiaz (1996;1999)
|Institutions||Khan Research Laboratories
GIK Institute of Technology
|Thesis||The effect of morphology on the strength of copper-based martensites (1972)|
|Doctoral advisor||Martin J. Brabers|
Early life and Career:
Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan was birthed in 1936 in Bhopal, India. He arrived with his household to Pakistan in 1947. After researching at St. Anthony’s High School, Khan joined the D. J. Science College of Karachi, where he took physics and also maths. His instructor at the university was famous solar physicist Dr. Bashir Syed. Khan gained a B.Sc. degree in physical metallurgy at the College of Karachi in 1960.
Khan accepted a job as an inspector of weight as well as measures in Karachi after graduation. He later on surrendered as well as mosted likely to operate in Netherlands in the 1970’s. Khan acquired popularity as a gifted researcher at the nuclear plant he worked in. He had unique accessibility to one of the most limited locations of the URENCO center. He could likewise review the secret paperwork on the gas centrifuge modern technology.
In December, 1974, he came back to Pakistan and tried to convince the Head of state, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, to embrace his Uranium route instead of Plutonium route in building nuclear weapons. According to media reports, A.Q. Khan had a close and polite relationship with President General Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq as well as the Military of Pakistan. He likewise maintained a close relationship with the Pakistan Air Force.
After his role in Pakistan’s nuclear program, Khan re-organized the Pakistani’s national area company, SUPARCO. In the late of 1990s, Khan played a vital duty in Pakistan’s space program, specifically the Pakistan’s first Polar Satellite Launch Lorry (PSLV) job and the Satellite Release Automobile (SLV). Khan’s unrestricted promotion of Pakistan’s nuclear weapons as well as ballistic missile abilities brought humiliation to the Pakistan’s federal government. The USA began to think that Pakistan was providing nuclear weapons technology to North Korea, to obtain ballistic missile innovation in exchange. Khan additionally came under renewed examination complying with the September 11, 2001 strikes in the UNITED STATE. He supposedly marketed nuclear innovation to Iran. However, he was pardoned in 2004, yet placed under house arrest.
On the 22nd of August 2006, the Pakistani government stated that Khan had actually been diagnosed with prostate cancer and also was undergoing treatment. He was launched from house arrest in February 2009.
Khan was also a vital figure in the establishment of numerous engineering universities in Pakistan. He established a metallurgy and material scientific research institute in Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Innovation. The area, where Khan worked as both executive participant as well as director, has actually been named as Dr. A. Q. Khan Department of Metallurgical Design and also Material Sciences. An additional school, Dr. A. Q. Khan Institute of Biotechnology as well as Genetic Engineering at Karachi College, has likewise been called in his honor. Khan therefore played an important duty in bringing metallurgical design courses to numerous universities of Pakistan.
In spite of his global image, Khan stays commonly prominent amongst Pakistanis and also he is taken into consideration locally to be among the most-influential as well as appreciated researchers in Pakistan.